The Laplace transform so far discussed is *bilateral* as it can be applied
to left sided signals as well as right sided ones. Now we will consider the
*unilateral* Laplace transform of an arbitrary signal defined as

This definition always assumes for . When the unilateral Laplace transform is applied to find the transfer function of an LTI system, it is always assumed to be causal. And the ROC is always right sided in s-plane.

By definition, the unilateral Laplace transform of any signal is identical to its bilateral Laplace transform. However, when , the two Laplace transforms are different.

Unilateral Laplace Transform shares all the properties of bilateral Laplace transform, except some of the properties are expressed in different forms. Here we only consider the differentiation in time domain.

We can further get Laplace transform of higher order derivatives

and in general

**Example:** Consider the following 2nd order LCCDE:

with initial conditions:

Taking unilateral Laplace on both sides we get:

Solving for we get:

The first two terms are the homogeneous solution (transient response) and the last term is the particular solution (steady state response). In time domain the response is: